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THE YOUNG MEN'S 



Christian Association 



IN NORTH CAROLINA. 



1857-1888. 



A HISTORICAL SKETCH. 



STEPHEN B. WEEKS. 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 



http://archive.org/details/historyofyoungmeweek 



A HISTORY 



OF THE 



YOUNG MEN'S 



Christian Association Movement 



IN NORTH CAROLINA. 



1857-1888. 



READ BEFORE THE TWELFTH ANNUAL STATE CONVENTION 

IN CHARLOTTE, N. C, APRIL 21, 1SS8, AND PUBLISHED 

BY THE EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE AT THE 

REQUEST OF THE CONVENTION. 



By STEPHEN B. WEEKS, A. M., 

Secretary Executive Committee Young A/en's Christian Associations oj North Carolina . 

Secretary North Carolina Historical Society, and Corresponding Member 

of the Wisconsin State Historical Society. 



RALEIGH, N. C: 
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A HISTORY 



Young Men 1 ? Christian A^ocMion Movement 



4- 



IN NORTH CAROLINA. 
1857-1888. 



Time in his flight has numbered nearly forty-four years with the 
silent past since George Williams, of Loudon, inspired by the Spirit of 
God, first conceived the idea of a union of all men, regardless of de- 
nominational lines, for Christian work, fellowship and sympathy. In 
the great city of London, on June 6th, 1844, Williams, with one com- 
panion, knelt in a quiet room and asked the blessings of God on their 
enterprise. George Williams still lives to see and to enjoy the fruits of 
his labors. His work, like the drum-beat of his own majestic nation, 
now keeps time with the hours, and follows the sun in his journey 
around the earth. From England to India, from Canada to Chili, the 
good work has spread. The isles of the Pacific are made to rejoice, 
and the Young Men's Christian Association is now proclaiming the 
gospel of peace to the millions of China. 

THE Y. M. C. A. IN NORTH CAROLINA, 1857— 1861. 

The first organization in North Carolina, designed especially and 
solely for the spiritual improvement of young men, was formed in Wil- 
mington, prior to October, 1857. The Corresponding Secretary of this 
Association was W. M. Hays. The Y. M. C. A. Quarterly Reporter 
for April, 1858, mentions an association at Wilmington, with the same 
secretary as in 1857. The Young Men's Christian Journal, for March, 
1859, says: "An Association has been in existence in Wilmington, N. 
C, since last May." This would imply that the first organization had 
failed, but had been revived again. The secretary of the association 
says: " Within the last three or four months we have been adding to 
our members, and now have many good working men who feel a great 
interest in our efforts to do good. We hold a prayer-meeting- every 
Sunday afternoon at some one of the churches, and thus far our meet- 



Note. — I wish to express here my thanks to J. C. Bowne, Librarian of the Historical 
Library of Y. M. C. A. Literature, Springfield, Mass., for much valuable information, 
and for courtesies shown me. 



4 A HISTORY OF THE YOUNG MENS 

ings have been well attended, and much apparent interest manifested 
in them by young men who have no hope in Christ. We have engaged 
five very able gentlemen to deliver a lecture each, during the winter and 
spring, one of which has been delivered by Rev. John L. Girardeau, of 
Charleston, S. C. Our Association is composed mostly of young men who 
were converted during the glorious revival of last spring. We number 
about seventy-five. President, George Chadbourn ; Corresponding Sec- 
retary, Wm. R. Utley."* 

The Jo urn al for August, 1S59, mentions the Association at Wilming- 
ton. President, Avon E. Hall ; Corresponding Secretary, Wm. R. Utley. 
In April, 1S59, it is still in existence, and under the same control. We 
find no more mention of this Association until 1S72. 

Charlotte. — In the Y. M. C. A. Quarterly Reporter for October, 1857, 
Charlotte is mentioned as a new Association. John Henry Wyat was 
Corresponding Secretary. He was acting in the same capacity in Jan- 
uary, 1858. ^ He was serving in March, 1S59, ' n August, 1859, an 'l in 
April, iS6o.f Nothing further is known of this Association until it was 
re-organized in 1S6S. 

Raleigh. — This Association was organized mainly by Mr. W. J. Young 
and Mr. John Armstrong, formerly of Philadelphia. Mr. Young, the 
Corresponding Secretary, writes:! "We have been thinking for years 
that we ought to have a Young Men's Christian Association in our town, 
but we have never been able to commence one until this spring. A few 
of us seeing and feeling the great need of something of the kind, de- 
termined to make one more effort to establish an Association, believing 
that if we would put our trust in God, and ask His blessing and guidance 
in humility and faith, He would second our efforts, and we would be in- 
strumental in saving many of the young men of Raleigh, and advance 
the Kingdom of Christ on earth. Some of us met on the 19th of March, 
organized and elected our officers. For several meetings seven was all 
we could get, and sometimes not even that number. But our number 
has increased to twenty-six. Our meetings are very well attended. The 
members generally seem to be very much interested, and are working 
with zeal, and I think with a fair prospect of doing good. We have 
devotional meetings once a week. Our regular business meetings are 
held monthly. Our plan of operations will be to visit the sick, admin- 
ister to the wants of the needy, establish Sunday-schools, if necessary 
distribute tracts, books, &c." Even at this early date we can seethe 
germ of the doctrine which was to turn them from their true mission, a 
subordination of the spiritual to the physical man. This work was good 
and praiseworthy of its kind, but it was too much of a general character. 
They had not narrowed down to the idea of vouug men for Christ. In 



*Y. M. C. Journ.il, 1S5S. 

1 "V. M. C. A. Quarterly Reporter, January. 1858. 

+V. M. C. Journal. 

\\ . M. C. Journal, August, 1S5S. 



CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION MOVEMENT. 5 

August, 1S59, the President was H. P. McCoy, the Corresponding Secre- 
tary W. J. Young.* In April, 1S60, T. H. Brame was President and W. 
J. Young Corresponding Secretary.* Work was carried on until the 
war, then there was no Association until 1867. 

Salisbury. — In August, 1859, there was an Association in this town. 
President, Wm. Murdoch; Corresponding Secretary, Luke Blackmer.* 
It was still existing in April, 1S60, with the same officers.* 

Washington. — This Association was organized in 1859. "Weekly prayer- 
meetings are held, and other means of usefulness will soon be inaugu- 
rated. President, Thomas Sparrow ; Corresponding Secretary, Prof. S. 
H. Wiley."* It was in existence in April, i860, with the same officers.* 

University of North Carolina. —During the college year iS57-'S, students in 
the Universities of Michigan and Virginia, without any knowledge of each 
other's action, organized Young Men's Christian Associations in these 
institutions. One of the most earnest advocates of the Virginia Asso- 
ciation, and its first President was the present Chairman of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee of North Carolina, the Rev. Thomas Hume, Jr., 
now Professor of the English Language and Literature in the Uni- 
versity of North Carolina. The Association at Chapel Hill was orga- 
nized in May, i860. Its Constitution is based on that of the Virginia 
Association. The preamble reads: "We, the undersigned, desiring 
to promote Christian sympathy and brotherhood, and to advance 
the moral and religious welfare of the students of this Institution, 
and of others around us, and impressed with the importance of united 
effort in accomplishing this object, have formed an Association." The 
object was to be the "improvement of the spiritual condition of the 
students, aud the extension of religious advantages to destitute points 
in the neighborhood of the University." 

They publish the following card :f 

We have the pleasure to announce that the students of the University of North Caro- 
lina have established a Young Men's Christian Association. 

If parents and others who send young men to the University will give them letters 
of introduction to us, it will afford us pleasure to introduce them to the pious students 
of the University, aud also to the pastors of the church to which they or their friends 
may belong. 

The Association hopes in this way to accomplish much good ; for sad experience 
has taught us that many pious and moral young men are led astray by falling into the 
company of the dissipated and the vicious when they enter college. 

GUILFORD NICHOLSON, 
A. HILL PATTERSON, 
ARCHIBALD McFADYEN, 

Committee. 
The membership was divided into two classes, active and honorary. 
The fees were one dollar per year. The meetings were held on Sundav 
eveuing. James Kelly, now a Presbyterian minister in Bladen county, 
was the first President, A. Hill Patterson, of Milton, Corresponding Sec- 
retary. They seem to have been eminently successful in their work. 



*Y. M. C. Journal. 

tNorth Carolina University Magazine, June, i860. 



6 A HISTORY OF THE YOUNG MEN'S 

The list of officers contains the names of many of the best students of 
the University. Tut their organization was doomed to a speedy death. 
Fort Sumpter fell April 14th, iS6r. North Carolina severed her con- 
nection with the Federal Union May 20th, iS6r, just as she, eighty-six 
years before to a (lay and in this very town of Charlotte, had thrown 
off her allegiance to the British Crown. Many students left the Uni- 
versity to join the Confederate army. They left the shades of quiet 
and the paths of peace to battle for a cause they considered just. They 
fought. They bled. They died. Thirty-five members of that Association 
served as officers and committee-men during the year of its existence. 
Of this number, thirteen — Luther R. Bell, of Oxford ; Harrison P. Lyon, 
Edgecombe; Win. J. Headen, Chatham; Lawson W. Sykes, Aberdeen, 
Miss.; Win. T. and Edward A. T. Nicholson, Halifax ; James B. McCal- 
lum, Robeson; John H. Dobbin, Fayetteville ; Neill R. Kelly, Moore; 
David H. Foy and George W. McMillan, New Hanover; Jesse H. Pear- 
son, Franklin, and Henry G Yv'illiams, of Warrentou, now fill soldiers' 
graves, and sleep the sleep that knows no waking.* They did their duty 
to their country and to their God. They have entered into rest. May 
their shining example be emulated by future generations. 

FROM THE FIRST RE-ORGANIZATION AFTER THE RETURN OF PEACE TO 
THE FIRST STATE CONVENTION, 1S67— 1877. 

The five long, dreary years of war at last came to an end. Few towns 
of the South, large or small, hai escaped the hand of the invader. The 
lands were lying uncared for and unfilled. The gaunt wolf of famine 
was standing by many a door. To repel his attacks the energies of the 
whole people were employed, and thus time passed on. The Young 
Men's Christian Association movement had been completely crushed, 
and for two years we hear of no Association work in North Carolina. 

Raleigh. — This Association was re-organized about 1867. For two years 
they continued their regular work for young men. There was much 
suffering following in the track of war. The body was undenomina- 
tional, and it occurred to certain members that it would be wise for the 
Association to undertake general charity work. For years Mr. John 
Armstrong, one of its original founders, fought this idea. But other 
opinions prevailed. The poor of the city became, during the winter, 
the especial care of the Association. Mr. Weidensall visited them in 
1872. He writes :f "In Raleigh, N. C, the Association has become a 
relief society, and is doing a very good work of that kind. A meeting 
of the Association was called to listen to any suggestions that I had to 
offer. After addressing them for some time, it was determined to un- 
dertake the legitimate work of a Young Men's Christian Association. 
At the same meeting, Rev. H. T. Hudson was selected as a suitable man 
to act as temporary Corresponding Member for North Carolina, whose 



*Memorial Tablets U. N. C. Last Ninety Days of the War in North Carolina. 
fYear Book, 1S72. 



CHRISTIAN" ASSOCIATION MOVEMENT. 7 

name I sent to the Convention in New York." They started to retrace 
their steps and to return to their proper sphere of action. How well 
the}- succeeded can be seen from their By-laws: "The Committee for 
the Relief of the Poor shall consist of twelve members, who shall be 
called Supervisors, each one of whom shall have control of such a por- 
tion or district of the city as may be set apart by the Association. Each 
Supervisor may select at his option an assistant, with the sanction of the 
Executive Committee, and shall make a full report in writing at each 
regular meeting of the Association of all work performed during the 
past month. "* 

Thus, this Association had been led away frcm its legitimate field. It 
was considered a charitable institution. It was treated as such. This 
militated much against the progress of the organization, narrowed its 
range, bound and confined its efforts for good. 

September 7th, 1875, the Association took possession of and dedicated 
its new hall with appropriate exercises. 'J his was the first time the 
Association had been able to rent a hall to be used exclusively for its 
purposes, and the prospects were decidedly encouraging then.f The 
hall was kept open from 9 A. M. to 10 P. M. Unfortunately, this extra 
and heavy expense brought the Association into debt. 

From this state of things it is easy to see that the organization was 
barely alive. They had left their first love, and were now suffering the 
penalty that must always inevitably follow. 

Charlotte. — In 1S6S the Y. M. C. A. was re-organized in Charlotte. The 
aim of this body was vague and indefinite, and its existence of short dura- 
tion. It was again re-organized in 1874, with A. S. Caldwell as President. 
The aim of the Association was now definite and precise. It had been fully 
demonstrated that young men were its proper objects, and not the gen- 
eral interests of the community at large, except so far as its proper 
work bore on the general welfare. Many costly and abortive experi- 
ments were undertaken to find out the best ways of work, but amid all 
discouragements, and in spite of many failures, the end was kept 
steadily in view'. The religious work was the first point of operation, 
and it was kept up with as much vigor as could be reasonably expected 
under the circumstances, and without doubt the permanency of the 
association is due to the happy results of this effort. Messrs. Hall and 
McConnoughy, sent out by the International Committee on a mission- 
ary tour through the South, spent Thursday, January 28th, 1876, with 
the brethren of Charlotte, making talks and addresses in three different 
churches, contending there was too little enthusiasm among Christians, 
and urged them to greater activity. They proposed holding a State 
Convention. The idea was not carried into immediate execution, but 
their visit was not without good results. 

The Association in Charlotte owes much of its present strength and 
efficiency to Prof. George B. Hanna, who by his unwearied and constant 



♦By-laws Raleigh Association, 1S75. Art. 3, §4. 
tNew York Weekly Mail, September 22, 1875. 



8 A HISTORY OF THE YOUNG MEN'S 

efforts has done much to increase its power for good — a man modest and 
retiring in disposition, he does not come forward to claim his share of 
honor, but in Charlotte he has borne the brunt of the battle. 

Golds boro. — An Association was organized here in April, 1870. r They 
had no rooms, but held prayer-meetings, Sunday-schools, &c. It was 
of short duration. 

'At Wilmington, U. C ;] I found many friends to the Association cause. 
Held a meeting, and it was determined at once to organize. I don't 
know that I ever had better material in any preliminary meeting. Since 
that time I learned that they have perfected the organization. There is 
also a German Y. M. C. A , connected with the German Lutheran 
Church, whose pastor is a strong friend of our cause, and has already 
identified himself with the English Association just organized." 

The German Association was first organized in 1870, and existed until 
1S80. It had over one thousand dollars in its treasury, which it 
turned over to the German Lutheran Church to assist in liquidating a 
debt with which the church was burdened. The officers were : President, 
Henry Ehrbeck ; Vice-President, Jacob Duls ; Corresponding Secretary, 
F. E. Hashagen ; Recording Secretary, H. W. Strauss; Treasurer, H. 
Litgen. It had thirty-seven members, and was an active, vigorous and 
successful organization, and did a noble work.* This Association was 
more like a Young Men's Prayer-meeting, and therefore not properly a 
Young Men's Christian Association. It never connected itself with the 
State work, and was never recognized as an Association in full con- 
nection by the International Committee. It has recently been re- 
organized. 

The English Association was short-lived. It fell into debt and became 
insolvent, one of its members (James Spruntj paying $400 out of his 
private means to redeem it from bankruptcy. 

The Maxton Association, formerly Shoe Heel (Scotch Quhele), was 
organized in 1873, and has been in active operation ever since. It is one 
of our most earnest organizations, and showed its spirit last year by 
sending the only delegate from North Carolina to the International 
Convention at San Francisco. 

The Charlotte, Fayetteville, Goldsboro, Wilmington (English and 
German) Associations did not formally report at the Lowell Convention 
in 1872. J Charlotte, Fayetteville, Goldsboro, Raleigh, and the German 
Associations of Wilmington did not report at the Poughkeepsie Conven- 
tion in 1873,** nor at the Dayton Convention in 1 S74. || Charlotte, Fay- 
etteville, and the colored Association of Raleigh, reported at Richmond 
in 1875.2 



1lYear Book, 1S70. 

tMr. Weidensall in Year Book, 1872. 

*Rev. F. W. E. Peschau, Pastor Lutheran Church, Wilmington, to Author. 

tYear Book, 1S72. 

**Year Book, 1S73. 

j[ Year Book, 1S74. 

S-Year Book, 1875. 



CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION MOVEMENT. 9 

In 1S76 nine associations, Antioch, Beaufort, Charlotte, Fayetteville, 
Lumber Bridge, Philadelphus, Raleigh, (colored), Shoe Heel and St. 
Pauls, reported at Toronto, and the work seemed to be brightening. 
Wm. M. Hunter, serving as Corresponding Member of the International 
Committee, writes:* "There are twenty-two (22) associations in North 
Carolina, eighteen in and near Robeson county, and in Wilmington, 
Raleigh, Salisbury and Charlotte. The association in Raleigh is doing 
much to relieve the poor. The one in Charlotte has also a small fund 
for objects of charity, but is laying out its strength in mission work, 
tending now towards establishing permanently a day mission or Sab- 
bath-school in a destitute part of the city. Our associations are scat- 
tered, and have not had an opportunity to consult with other associa- 
tions, although an invitation was extended throughout the state papers 
on the arrival at Charlotte of our biethren, Messrs. Hall and McCon- 
noughy, whose visit is remembered with pleasure." 

We have seen that only one college association was organized previ- 
ous to the civil war, that at the University of North Carolina. This was 
re-organized September 17, 1876, with Arthur Arrington, a member of 
the first State Executive committee, as its president. Since that time 
the association has been engaged in regular work. Bingham School 
organized its association for the first time in 1867. 

Such was the Y. M. C. A. in North Carolina up to the first Convention. 
The associations were few and widely separated. Few persons knew 
anything of the work, and still fewer were interested in it. The asso- 
ciations had had no communication with one another. The}' had no 
opportunity to learn of improvements and proper methods, or to get out of 
and away from fogyish and narrow ideas. They needed to meet each 
other. We have seen that many association sprang up and died. This 
is due to the fact that the general public had not been aroused to the 
importance of this means of Christian growth. They had not considered 
the souls of young men, the bone and sinew 7 of every land, of enough 
importance. The association must needs pass through a probationary 
stage. That stage is now fortunately passed. The star is now in the 
ascendant. 

FROM THE FIRST STATE CONVENTION TO THE TENTH, 1877— 1S86. 

In March, 1877, at the instance of the International Committee, and 
on the advice of Mr. A. S. Caldwell, the association of Charlotte 
sent out a call for a State Convention to be held in that city. The Con- 
vention met March 30th. Four visiting delegates, representing perhaps 
two hundred members, were present- Arthur Arrington and John H. Dixon 
University of N. C. ; A. D. Jenkins, Raleigh ; R. A. Yoder, N. C. College. 
Messrs. Hall and Cree represented the International Committee. Much 
interest was taken in the work. A State Executive Committee was ap- 
pointed. The committee issued a circular, addressed to all the associations 



*Year Book, 1876. 



IO A HISTORY OF THE YOUNG MEN'S 

in the state, and proposed to enter vigorously into the work. The asso- 
ciations were far apart and it was difficult to bring them close 
together. Eor three years this committee labored for the most part 
on their own responsibility, and gave much time and earnest thought 
to the welfare of the state work, to the establishment of new associa- 
tions, to the encouragement and strengthening of the old. No money 
was provided to pay any expenses of this committee, so that their sphere 
of usefulness was very much narrowed. They did good work, however, 
and this was the beginning of a brighter era. Four associations, with 
two hundred and thirty-seven members, are reported in the Year Book 
for 1877. 

1878. The second Convention was held in Greensboro: "There 
has been a more marked growth during the year in North Carolina than 
in any other state visited. Last year the first State Convention — a very 
small one — was held, and a State Executive Committee appointed. At 
that time there were but five associations, little was known of the work, 
and few w r ere interested in it. The State Committee have worked heartily, 
and as a result the associations now number fourteen active organiza- 
tions. The second State Convention, at Greensboro, was attended by 
forty members, and was a decided success. Points visited : Charlotte, 
Statesville, Salisbury, Greensboro, Raleigh and Durham.""' In May, 
before the Convention, Mr. Cree began his labors in North Carolina as 
State Secretary, at Charlotte. He rendered much aid to the association 
in that city, in Statesville, Greensboro and Raleigh. He also helped to 
establish an association in Salisbury, and another in Durham. 1 Twenty- 
two associations are reported in the Year Book, four having a member- 
ship of one hundred and sixty. 

1879. Convention met in Salisbury. Nineteen associations and 
churches were represented by forty-five delegates. E. W. Watkius, of 
the International Committee, w 7 as present. "The increased interest 
taken in the young men for the last two years is very gratifying. Now 
we have eighteen or twenty associations, with five or six hundred mem- 
bers. The influence of the second Convention has been felt wherever 
there is an association. During the past year few new associations have 
been formed, but the increased efficiency of the old has been marked. 
The Executive Committee has recently laid off four districts, and ap- 
pointed District Committees, "f Sixteen associations reported at the 
Baltimore Convention, with six hundred and sixty-five members. 

1880. Convention met in Raleigh. Unfortunately the Raleigh breth- 
ren had changed the nature of their work from Christian to charitable. 
They were known as nothing else. They had left the care of men's souls, 
and had begun the care of their bodies instead. "The Convention prom- 
ises to be one of unusual interest, and it is hoped that our citizens will 



*T. K. Cree, Year Book, 1878. 
HGeo. B. Haiina, Year Book, 1S78. 
fThomas M. Pittman, Year Book, 1879. 



CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION MOVEMENT. II 

do all they can to aid these charitable workers, who meet to consult about 
the best interests of the young men of our State."*; E. W. Watkins rep- 
resented the International Committee. Thirty-three delegates present ; 
eight associations reported. " The state work is not as satisfactory now 
as at the time of our last report. The Salisbury Convention was well 
attended, and proved profitable to those present. Some new associa- 
tions have been formed, principally in small villages and country places. 
An upward tendency is noticeable in several places, more marked, prob- 
ably, in Charlotte. There the hall has been newly painted and furnished, 
while a reading room and library is kept open at evening. The work at 
the state capital is assuming a more encouraging aspect, and a number 
of smaller places are displaying considerable activity. We have about 
twenty-five associations, and hope for good results from the coming 
Raleigh Convention. "f Twenty-nine associations are reported in the 
Year Book, thirteen having five hundred and sixty-six members. 

1881. Convention held in Statesville ; thirty delegates present, rep- 
resenting thirteen associations; eleven more were represented by letter. 
E. W. Watkins, of the International Committee, was in attendance. He 
worked faithfully and well. This year twenty associations are reported 
in the Year Book, with a total membership of seven hundred and seventy- 
one active and associate. 

1882. Convention held in Shelby. This year the minutes of the 
Convention were printed in pamphlet form for the first time. Thirty- 
three delegates, including two colored members, and representing eleven 
associations, were present. From the report of the Executive Com- 
mittee for the year then closing, we learn that measures had been taken 
to district the state ; that the members of the committee had pledged 
themselves to make individual efforts towards organizing colored young 
men, and that they had made efforts to put a General Secretary in the 
field. To accomplish this, it was necessary to raise money by subscrip- 
tion. Appeals were sent to all associations, with the following result : 
Davidson College, $5.00; University of North Carolina, #5. 00 ; Bingham 
School, $10.00; Statesville, $S.oo; Shelby, $5.00; Prof. Hanna, $5.00; total, 
$38.00. As this was not enough to get a General Secretary into the field, 
the plan was abandoned. The committee to consider the report of the Ex- 
ecutive Committee recommended that "The Executive Committee be in- 
structed to allot each two members of its body a portion of territory for 
district work, and that they be held responsible for the advancement of 
the work in that territory, and report at the next annual Convention the 
progress of that work. We believe by so doing the cause of the Y. M. 
C. A. can be carried on with but little demand for financial aid, which 
has so crippled our efforts in the past. We further recommend that the 
Executive Committee make special efforts in this district work to en- 
courage and persuade the colored young men to organize themselves 

^Raleigh Observer, June i6, 1880. 

fThomas M. Pittman, in Year Book for 1880. 



12 A HISTORY OF THE YOUNG MEN'S 

into Associations, and work with us in the glorious cause. We recom- 
mend that the Executive Committee place a General Secretary in the 
field, if for only one month, provided the means for doing so can possi- 
bly be obtained."- That night a collection was made to defray cost of 
printing minutes. Thirteen dollars and thirty-five cents was contributed, 
not a cent having been raised towards the salary of a General Secretary. 
The Convention now puts on its committee work requiring both time 
and money, and provides neither. The work was necessarily a failure. 
It will always be, except among philanthropists. 

1883. Convention met in Hickory ; thirty-one delegates present, rep- 
resenting seventeen associations, also T. A. Harding, of Washington City, 
representing the International Committee, and Rev. D. H. Tuttle, of 
Vanderbilt University. The verbal reports from associations were 
very encouraging, and manifested much zeal for the spiritual welfare 
of young men. The Executive Committee reported that seven new 
associations had been organized during the year ; that they had collected 
$49.10, and paid out $37.63. "No effort has been made to put a Gen- 
eral Secretary in the field. The committee have not succeeded in car- 
rying'out their plan of districting the state. The heartiest co-operation 
of local associations is needed for such an undertaking. There is 
promise of a District Organization being formed, with its centre at 
Hickory, and another at Dallas. In some sections successful work seems 
to have been done in behalf of the colored people."! The committee 
further recommended that all associations put themselves in corres- 
pcndence with the Executive Committee, by this means accomplishing 
more efficient work. It was resolved that the committee solicit from 
town associations $5.03 for work and expenses of committee, and $2.03 
from country ; for salary of General Secretary, $10.00 from town, and 
$5.0 j from country. A collection of $n.6i was made at the Convention 
for the Executive Committee. A list of forty-eight associations in 
North Carolina is given in an appendix, eighteen of them having a 
membership of six hundred and twelve. 

1884. Convention met in Greensboro. The weather was exceedingly 
warm. A contest for President, and for all the state officers, was going 
on. These, with other things, made a very small meeting. Six dele- 
gates only were present, together with H. M. Clarke and M. Dickie, of 
Richmond, and E. W. Watkins, of New York. The Convention was 
turned into an informal conference of Y. M. C. A. workers. A collec- 
tion of $8.09 was made for the International Committee. The Year Book 
for 1884 gives reports from sixteen associations, with a membership of 
three hundred and eighty-seven. 

1885. Convention met in Asheville. It was gotten up hurriedly, 
and was more of a gathering of local associations than of the state 
organization. Very little seems to have been done. A new Exccu- 



*Minutes, 1SS2. 
fMimites, 18S3. 



CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION MOVEMENT. 1 3 

tive Committee was appointed. This committee " did nothing to 
extend the work during the year. Nothing was given them to do- 
They had no money, and could do nothing. Twelve dollars in all was 
expended.!" During this year twenty -three associations reported eight 
hundred and eighty-six members to the International Committee. 

From these reports it is easy to see that this work in North Caro- 
oliua has had many ups and downs of fortune. There are few large 
cities in the state ; most of the associations are in small towns and vil- 
lages. They are organized, and start off with a promise of continuance. 
There is perhaps one leading spirit that controls and directs the whole. 
This person moves away, gets absorbed in business, or grows indifferent, 
and the work for Christ begins to lag and to decay. We need more 
workers of earnest, consecrated lives. Then our work will flourish. 
This is one of the most serious drawbacks of college associations. 
There the membership is constantly changing. As soon as a fellow 
learns something of the work, he must go, and the freshman takes his 
place. It will be noticed that up to this time very little has been said 
about money in the Conventions. The Executive Committee was first 
appointed in 1077. F° r three years, at least, the committee had no treas- 
urer. It seems that no more than $83.00 was put into their hands 
from their first organization up to 10S0. Without arms it is impossible 
to wage a successful warfare ; without money it was soon found impos- 
sible for the Young Men's Christian Associations of North Carolina to 
carry on any successful campaign against the Kingdom of Satan. The 
Executive Committee did as much as could be expected of them under 
the circumstances ; but there seems to have been very little effort made 
to raise money at any Convention. The golden moment was allowed to 
pass unheeded by. Men will always give more freely when there is a 
spirit of generous rivalry urging them on. It was thought best to write 
to the different organizations, so they could discuss the proposition at 
their leisure. The result we have seen already. In regard to this point, 
the Executive Committee and the leaders of the Conventions were at fault. 
This feature was not discussed warmly enough, nor urged sufficiently 
well. 

FROM THE TENTH TO THE TWELFTH CONVENTION. 

March 11th, 1888, the tenth Convention met at Chapel Hill with the 
University Association. Messrs. Watkins and Wishard, of the Inter- 
national Committee, and forty-four delegates, representing eight asso- 
ciations and three places without definite organization, were in attend- 
ance. The question of State work was taken up with energy by E. W. 
Watkins ; $170.00 was pledged by associations and 550.00 by individuals. 
On Sunday night a collection amounting to $27.00 was made. This was 
the first sign of active life in the state organization of the Young Men's 
Christian Associations of North Carolina. A new Executive Committee 
was appointed, with headquarters at Chapel Hill. The report of the 
Treasurer, for the year ending April 1st, 1SS7, showed that $2^0. 45 had 



tMiuutes, 1SS6. 



14 A HISTORY OF THE YOUNG MEN'S 

been collected for all purposes, and $209 4 > expended. This committee 
employed Mr. H. O. Williams to visit the State during the month of 
March, 1887. He did good and telling work at Charlotte, Davidson Col- 
lege, University of North Carolina, Salisbury and Raleigh. The associ- 
ations were revived, freshened and strengthened, and they went to the 
Raleigh Convention with the fixed determination to do more for the 
Master's cause, and as a result, $359.00 was pledged for the State work, 
against $220.00 for the previous year. The headquarters of the Executive 
Committee continued at Chapel Hill. The fruit of their labors is before 
our eyes to-day. The state work is thoroughly organized : one associ- 
ation has a building of its own, four others have building funds, two 
employ General Secretaries, and a third has provided means for this 
purpose. There is more earnestness, more activity, more work, more 
success, more of Christ in our hearts, than ever before. To one man 
more than to all others belongs the glory of this success. He, by his 
untiring efforts, by his unflagging zeal, has brought about this happy 
result. That man is the present Chairman of the Executive Committee, 
Thomas Hume, D. D., Professor of English in the University of North 
Carolina. 

GENERAL AND STATE SECRETARIES IN NORTH CAROLINA. 

The first native North Carolinian to devote himself to the wcrk of the 
Yonng Men's Christian Association, and enter the field as a Secretary, 
was Eugene Lewis Harris. He is a descendant on his mother's side 
from Edward, the brother of Oliver Cromwell. Edward migrated to the 
United States about 1660. While on the ocean he changed his name 
from Cromwell to Crowell, and under this title the family has since been 
known. Mr. Harris was born at Sassafras Fork, in Granville county, N. 
C. , March 12th, 1856. He was graduated at the University of North 
Carolina in 1881, and at Cooper Institute, New York City, in 1S82. He 
at once established himself in Raleigh as an artist. He followed this 
profession until elected General Secretary of the Raleigh association, 
April 4th, 1887. An earnest, simple, devoted Christian, his work has 
been eminently successful. 

A. M. Ingham was employed as General Secretary by the Charlotte 
association in March, 1887, for six months. He is a native of Brattle- 
boro, Vermont. 

Of our State Secretaries, Mr. H. O. Williams, now Secretary of Vir- 
ginia, is a native of Watertown, New York, Mr. T. A. Harding is from 
Washington, D. C, Mr. Claus Olandt, a German- American, and the 
General Secretary of the German branch of the Y. M. C. A., is from 
New York. 

PUBLICATIONS. 

In November, 1886, Mr. Eugene L. Harris issued the first number of 
the Monthly Bulletin, at Raleigh, 7x10, four pages. It is very valuable 
as an aid to local work. February, 1888, the name was changed to Our 
Young Men, and the publication went on as usual. September, 1887, 



CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION MOVEMENT. 1 5 

the first number of The Record was issued at Charlotte, 7x11, eight 
pages, monthly, and is under the editorial management of A. S. Cald- 
well, J. H. Tolar, George B. Hanna and G. T. Raymond. At the Eleventh 
Annual Convention the Christian Voice, published at Norfolk, Va., by 
R. E. Turner, was adopted as the official organ of the State Associations. 
The Journal of the Convention was printed for the first time in 1882; 
the one for 1883 was printed, and also those for 1886 and 1887. 

LIBRARIES. 

Books give 
New views to life and teach us how to live ; 
They, soothe the grieved, the stubborn they chastise, 
Fools they admonish, and confirm the wise. 

Unfortunately, too little attention has been paid to this subject in 
North Carolina. The public library at Raleigh, founded in 1831, has 
not more than 45,000 volumes. The University and its Literary Socie- 
ties have only 20,000. The teachings of some of our public men have 
been of too much influence. They taught that books were idle capital, 
a useless, and therefore a valueless investment. This is not true. They 
are better than friends ; they instruct, and cannot get angry when 
thrown aside. They laugh and cry. They love and hate. They speak 
to us, and suit themselves to every freak of fancy. Give me good books, 
and the world may go, for I can then commune with the best minds 
of every age. The first Y. M. C. A. library w r as founded in Boston, in 
1S51. It now contains 3,500 volumes. The largest is that of the New 
York City association r with 34,362 volumes. To Charlotte belongs the 
honor of inaugurating this happy movement in North Carolina. Their 
library was founded in 1S75. The work progressed but slowly. The 
associations were poor ; few people had many books, and still fewer 
had learned the art of giving. The following tables, taken from the 
Year Book, show the condition of our libraries for each year since 1876: 

VOLUMES. VALUE. 

1876. Charlotte 138 $6900 

Philadelphus 55 3000 

1877. Charlotte 123 100 00 

Philadelphus 56 50 00 

Raleigh 123 100 00 

1878. Philadelphus 56 5000 

1879. Charlotte 300 200 00 

Greensboro 450 20000 

Philadelphus 50 5000 

Winston 373 18600 

1880. Charlotte 234 25000 

Greensboro 300 250 00 

Winston 300 75 00 

1881. Charlotte 609 70000 

Greensboro 300 250 00 

Salisbury 300 20000 



i6 



A HISTORY OF THE YOUNG MEN'S 



VOLUMES. 

1882. Charlotte 1,000 

Greensboro — 300 

Hickory 80 

Salisbury 300 

1883. Charlotte 600 

Shelby 30 

Statesville 250 

1884. Charlotte 532 

Salisbury 300 

Statesville 240 

1885. Charlotte 721 

Mount Zion 50 

1686. Charlotte 847 

New Berne 12 

Shoe Heel 20 

Statesville 200 

1887. Charlotte 600 

New Berne 200 

Raleigh 300 

The condition of our libraries on April 1st, 1888, 
lowing table : 



VALUE 


;6oo 


00 


153 


00 


90 


00 


150 


OO 


400 


OO 


IOO 


OO 


60 


OO 


300 


OO 


IOO 


OO 


IOO 


OO 


375 


00 


50 


OO 


500 


00 


12 


OO 


15 


OO 


450 


OO 


175 


OO 


300 


OO 



is shown by the fol- 



ASSOCIATIONS. 



•o : ~ ,3 



Bingham School - 

Charlotte 

Davidson College 

Fayetteville 

Henderson 

Laurinburg 

Maxton 

New Berne 

Raleigh 

Reidsville 

Salisbury 

Statesville 

Trinity College^ . 



1,9231500 00 
225:200 00 



325:200 OO 

IOO IOO OO 



150 
340 

50 



300 OO 

500 00 

75 00 



200 300 00 



g 



1875 
1879 



K <D 

pi n) 



3 be 



tcX 



h Ph .S 



$75 oo 



1888 
1887 



1885 
1886 
1887 



1883 



3,313'! 2,175 — 
Such has been our work in North Carolina. 






40 OO 



yes 
yes 
yes 
yes 
yes 

yes 
yes 
yes 
yes 



yes 



12 
25 

6 
5 

20 
35 



50 



540 ool$75 00 io 1 

We have done some- 



thing ; much we have left undone. The work has at last been thoroughly 
organized. The people of the State are waking up to its importance. 
They are giving to its support. The prospect is brightening. Our motto 
must be : "The Young Men of North Carolina for Christ, and Christ 
fm- tVip Vounc Men of North Carolina." 



EXECUTIVE COMMITTEES 
OF THE 

Young Men's Christian Associations 

OF NORTH CAROLINA. 



I. APPOINTED IN CHARLOTTE, 1877, FOR YEAR l877-'78, HEADQUARTERS, 

CHARLOTTE. 

Isaac H. Poust, Chairman Charlotte. 

Thomas M. PiTTman, Secretary Charlotte. 

G. T Coleman ... Charlotte. 

Arthur Arrington Chapel Hill. 

R. A. Yoder Mount Pleasant. 

John Armstrong Raleigh. 

Alexander Sprunt Wilmington. 

II. i878-'79, HEADQUARTERS, CHARLOTTE. 

Isaac H. Foust, Chairman Charlotte. 

Thomas M. Pittman, Secretary Charlotte. 

G. T Coleman Charlotte. 

Arthur Arrington Chapel Hill. 

R. A. Yoder Mount Pleasant. 

John Armstrong Raleigh. 

Alexander Sprunt Wilmington. 

III. i879-'8o, HEADQUARTERS, CHARLOTTE. 

Isaac H. Foust, Chairman 1 Charlotte. 

Thomas M. Pittman, Secretary Charlotte. 

G. T Coleman Charlotte. 

Arthur Arrington Chapel Hill. 

R. A. Yoder Mount Pleasant. 

John Armstrong Raleigh. 

Alexander Sprunt Wilmington. 

George B. Hanna __. Charlotte. 

IV. i8So-'Si, HEADQUARTERS, GREENSBORO. 

W. K. Eldridge, Chairman Greensboro. 

T. J. Daily, Treasurer Reidsville. 

C. D. Yates Greensboro. 

Thomas P. Johnston Salisbury. 

J. G. Hall Hickory. 

R. C. Davis Charlotte. 

J. D. Franklin Winston. 

W. S. Primrose Raleigh. 



1 8 A HISTORY OF THE YOUNG MEN'S 

V. l88i-'82, HEADQUARTERS, STATESVILLE. 

W. G. Lewis, Chairman Statesville. 

C. D. Yates, Secretary Greensboro. 

J. A. Ramsey, Treasurer _. .Salisbury. 

J. G. Hale Hickory. 

R. H. McCracken .- Shelby. 

I. H. Foust Charlotte. 

W. S. Primrose Raleigh. 

G. R. McNeile Wood Leaf. 

A. M. Witherspoon, of Statesville, was for awhile acting Secretary of 
this Committee. 

VI. i882-'83, HEADQUARTERS, HICKORY. 

J. G. HALL, Chairman Hickory. 

D. H. TuTTLE, Secretary Hickory. 

W. G. Lewis, Treasurer-.- . Statesville. 

Thomas M. Pittman - Charlotte. 

R. H. McCracken Shelby. 

Edwin Shaver-- Salisbury. 

W. F. Tomlinson r Hickory. 

T. P. Johnston Salisbury. 

I. H. FouST Charlotte. 

E. W. Ward -. Morganton. 

R. M. Davis Salisbury. 

J. B. Gill Statesville. 

VII. i883-'84, HEADQUARTERS, SALISBURY. 

Thos. P. Johnston, Chairman Salisbury. 

A.M. W t itherspoon, Secretary Statesville. 

Edwin Shaver, Treasurer .-.Salisbury. 

R. H. McCracken Hickory. 

R. M. Davis Salisbury. 

I. H. FOUST Salisbury. 

E. W. Ward Morganton. 

J. B. Gill Statesville. 

J. G. HALL Hickory. 

W. W. Carroll Hickory. 

W. F. Tomlinson Hickory. 

Thos. M. Pittman Charlotte. 

VIII. i884-'85, HEADQUARTERS, SALISBURY. 

Thos. P. Johnston, Chairman Salisbury. 

A. M. Witherspoon, Secretary Statesville. 

R. M. Davis Salisbury. 

I. H. FouST -. ..Salisbury. 

E. W. Ward ._- ' Morganton. 

J. B. GiLL ...Statesville. 

J. G. Hall Hickory. 



CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION MOVEMENT. 1 9 

W. W. Carroll Hickory. 

W. F. Tomlinson Hickory. 

Thos. M. PitTman Charlotte. 

IX. i885-'86, HEADQUARTERS, ASHEVILLE. 

C. E. Graham, Chairman Ashevill-e. 

A. J. Dodamead, Secretary Asheville. 

R. U. Garrett, Treasurer Asheville. 

J. J. Mackey Asheville. 

Thos. P. Johnstox Salisbury. 

Edwin Shaver Salisbury. 

R. M. Davis Salisbury. 

E. W. Ward Morgautou. 

A. M. Witherspoon Statesville. 

J. G. Hall Hickory. 

R. H. McCrackex '- Hickory. 

G. M. Smithdeal Greensboro. 

C. S. HolTox Charlotte. 

X. iS86-'S7, HEADQUARTERS, CHAPEL HILL. 

Prof. Thos. Hume, Jr., D. D., Chairman Chapel Hill. 

Prof. J. W. GORE, Secretary Chapel Hill. 

Stephen B. Weeks, Treasurer Chapel Hill. 

Haywood Parker Chapel Hill. 

Major Robert Bixgham Bingham School. 

G. M. Smithdeal Greensboro. 

Geo. B. Hanna Charlotte. 

James H. Southgate Durham. 

W. W. Barnard Asheville. 

Prof. W. J. Bingham Davidson College. 

Edwin Shaver Salisbury. 

Eugene L. Harris Raleigh. 

XL i887-'88, HEADQUARTERS, CHAPEL HILL. 

Prof. Thos. Hume, Jr., D. D., Chairman Chapel Hill. 

Stephen B. Weeks, Secretary ___Chapel Hill. 

Eugene L. Harris, Treasurer Raleigh. 

Prof. J. W. Gore Chapel Hill. 

Geo. B. Hanna Charlotte. 

Prof. W.J. Bingham* Davidson College. 

James H. Southgate Durham. 

Major Robert Bingham Bingham School. 

A. G. Brenizer Charlotte. 

A. M. Baker New Berne. 

I. H. Foust Salisbury. 

A. S. Caldwell Charlotte. 

*Prof. Bingham died January 24th, iSSS, and Prof. Henry Louis Smith, of Davidson 
College, was chosen to fill the vacancy. 



A HISTORY OF THE Y. M. C. A. MOVEMENT. 20 

XII. 1SSR-S9, HEADQUARTERS, CHAPEL HILL. 

Prof. Thos. Hume, D. D., Chairman Chapel Hill. 

Stephen B. Weeks,* Secretary Chapel Hill. 

Walter M. Curtis, Assistant Secretary Chapel Hill. 

Eugene D. Harris, Treasurer Raleigh. 

Geo. B. Hanna Charlotte. 

James H. SouTHGATE Durham. 

Major Robert Bingham ... Bingham School. 

A. G. Brenizer Charlotte. 

A. M. Baker New Berne. 

I. H. FousT Salisbury. 

A.S.Caldwell Charlotte. 

Prof. H. L. Smith Davidson College. 

P. B. Manning : Wilmington. 



*At the special request of the Committee, Mr. Weeks will continue to act as Secretar3' 
so lonsr as he remains in the State, — until October. 



UNIVERSITY OF N.C. AT CHAPEL HILL 



00034003248 

FOR USE ONLY IN 
THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION